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HPI score
Ranked #75 of 151

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Experienced well-being
Ranked #92 of 151
Life expectancy
Ranked #63 of 151
Ecological Footprint
Ranked #86 of 151

Key: Happy Planet Index

All three components good
Two components good, one middling
One component good, two middling
Three components middling
Any with one component poor
Two components poor, or "blood red" footprint

Key: Experienced well-being

More than 6.2
Between 4.8 and 6.2
Less than 4.8

Key: Life expectancy

More than 75
Between 60 and 75
Less than 60

Key: Ecological Footprint

Less than 1.78 (the world's biocapacity)
Between 1.78 and 3.56
Between 3.56 and 7.12
More than 7.12

Romania achieves a Happy Planet Index Score of 42.2 and ranks #75 of all the countries analysed.

Romania's HPI score reflects a relatively high life expectancy, relatively low levels of experienced well-being, and a moderately high ecological footprint.

Other statistics

GDP per capita ($PPP):
14,524 (around a third of the USA's)
21.4 million (#51 of 151)
Land area (square km):
230 thousand (#75 of 151)
Population density (people per square km):
93.2 (#61 of 151)
Governance Ranking (WGI):

Romania's experienced well-being score is 4.9 out of a possible 10.

This is some degree lower than the world average level of experienced well-being (5.28).

The data for experienced well-being draws on responses to the ladder of life question in the Gallup World Poll, which was asked to samples of around 1000 individuals aged 15 or over in each of the countries included in the Happy Planet Index.

Romania's life expectancy is 74.0 and ranks #63 among the 151 countries analysed.

This below the life expectancy of Thailand (74.1), but higher than that of Brazil (73.5)

The life expectancy figure for each country was taken from the 2011 UNDP Human Development Report and reflects the number of years an infant born in that country could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth in the country stay the same throughout the infant’s life.

Romania's Ecological Footprint is 2.84 global hectares per capita.

If everyone had the same Ecological Footprint as the average citizen of Romania:

  • the world's Ecological Footprint would be 5% larger
  • we would need to reduce our Ecological Footprints by around 60% in order to stay within sustainable environmental limits

Ecological Footprint is a metric of human demand on nature, used widely by NGOs, the UN and several national governments. It measures the amount of land required to sustain a country’s consumption patterns.

For a majority of the countries (142 of the 151), Ecological Footprint data were obtained from the 2011 Edition of Global Footprint Network National Footprints Accounts. For the nine other countries included (Belize, Comoros, Djibouti, Guyana, Hong Kong, Iceland, Luxembourg, Malta, and Palestine), Ecological Footprint figures were estimated using predictive econometric models.